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Anxiety and Depressive Symptom Trajectories in Adolescence and the Co-Occurring Development of Cognitive Biases: Evidence from the CogBIAS Longitudinal Study

The development of negative cognitive biases, together with symptoms of anxiety and depression, has yet to be investigated longitudinally. Using a three-wave design, the present study examined developmental trajectories of anxiety and depressive …

Emotional information-processing correlates of positive mental health in adolescence: A network analysis approach

The Combined Cognitive Bias Hypothesis proposes that emotional information processing biases associate with each other and may interact to conjointly influence mental health. Yet, little is known about the interrelationships amongst cognitive biases, …

Trajectories of anxiety when children start school: The role of behavioral inhibition and attention bias to angry and happy faces.

Preschool predictors of children’s anxiety symptoms and state anxiety (reported daily) over the transition to school at age 4 were examined. Specifically, attention biases to angry and happy faces, relative to neutral, and an avoidant temperament …

Cognitive mechanisms predicting resilient functioning in adolescence: Evidence from the CogBIAS longitudinal study

Abstract Resilience is a dynamic process depicted by better than expected levels of functioning in response to significant adversity. This can be assessed statistically, by taking the residuals from a model of psychological functioning regressed …

Trait anxiety and the alignment of attentional bias with controllability of danger

Attentional bias to threat cues is most adaptive when the dangers they signal can readily be controlled by timely action. This study examined whether heightened trait anxiety is associated with impaired alignment between attentional bias to threat …

The effect of varying danger controllability on attention to threat messages

The objective of this study is to determine whether attention toward fear messages is affected by variation in the controllability of the associated danger. There is no consensus regarding the effectiveness of fear appeals in driving adaptive …

Psychological Science Needs a Standard Practice of Reporting the Reliability of Cognitive-Behavioral Measurements

Psychological science relies on behavioral measures to assess cognitive processing; however, the field has not yet developed a tradition of routinely examining the reliability of these behavioral measures. Reliable measures are essential to draw …

Seven Easy Steps to Open Science: An Annotated Reading List

The open science movement is rapidly changing the scientific landscape. Because exact definitions are often lacking and reforms are constantly evolving, accessible guides to open science are needed. This paper provides an introduction to open science …

A Meta-Analysis of Bias at Baseline in RCTs of Attention Bias Modification: No Evidence for Dot-Probe Bias Towards Threat in Clinical Anxiety and PTSD

It is widely believed that anxiety is characterized by a tendency to orient attention specifically toward threatening information and that this tendency (called attention bias) can be measured using a computer task called the “dot-probe task.” Over …

Psychological Science needs a standard practice of reporting the reliability of cognitive behavioural measurements